INDIA AND YOU - HELPFUL TIT BITS

India’s relations with Nigeria was initially built on historical and political connections, but has gradually graduated to being based more on economic links. Nigeria’s oil is important to India, which wishes to sustain strong economic growth

1. Capital: New Delhi

2. Dialing Code:
(1)From India to Nigeria - 00234 then the Nigeria local number minus the first digit which is 0, eg: 002347024567893
(2)From Nigeria to New Delhi 00991(11) (then the local land line)
(3)From Nigeria to India 00991 (then the local mobile number)
(4)Within Delhi calling mobiles, just dialthe 10 digit number. If calling a mobile number outside the State add a prefix “0” to the 10 digit number. 
 
3. Official language: Hindi and English.
 
4. Government: Parliamentary system, Constitutional Republic, Federal republic.  

5. Currency and Exchange rate:  
 
India’s currency is the Rupee; 1 Rupee = 100 Paise.  
Coins are of the denomination 25p, 50p, 1 Rupee, 2 Rupee, 5 Rupee and 10 Rupee.  
Notes are of the denomination 1Rupee, 5 Rupee, 10 Rupee, 20 Rupee, 50 Rupee, 100 Rupee, 500Rupee and 1000 Rupee. 
 
Rupee to Naira —1 Rupee = about 2.87 Naira 
Rupee to Dollar —1 US Dollar = about 4.81 Indian Rupee. 
 
6. India’s Imports and Exports -2012: 
 
Indian exports to Nigeria increased by 29% between April 2010 - March 2011 and April 2011 - March 2012, from $2.09 million to $2.70 million. Its imports grew by 36% from $10.78 million to $14.6 million within the same period. India exported over $138 million worth of textile (over $80 million being man-made) and drugs, pharmaceuticals and fine chemicals worth $307.60 million  (risen by 37%) to Nigeria during its financial year ending March 31, 2012. Fabrics are a large part of the export with a share of 50%; Nigeria imported $1.8 billion worth of textiles and clothing products in 2010 and 2011. The share of import of man-made fiber textile by Nigeria in its overall import of textiles was about 52%. Other imports include petroleum (crude) and products, non-ferrous metals, metalifers ores and metal scraps, wood and wood products, and cashew nuts. Exports also include rice, transport equipment, machinery and instruments, drugs, pharmaceuticals and fine chemicals, and electronic goods.

7. Public Transport in New Delhi. 
 
Taxi Fares within Delhi vary depending on the travel distance. Normally, taxis’ are meter run; however, where direction is unsure a pre-paid taxi is advisable. These are available at the airport, major commercial points (Connaught Place, South Extension etc) or Hotels. Although a bit more expensive at a hotel, they are largely reliable and thus advisable. Other modes of transport are auto rickshaws (three wheelers/keke), Public Buses, Chartered Buses, Local Trains, Delhi Metro and ELRTS. 
 
8. Climate and Weather in Delhi: What to expect. 
 
The climate of Delhi is a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate with high variation between summer and winter temperatures and 
precipitation. Extreme temperatures have ranged from ?2.2C to 49C (recorded on June 9, 2007 during the hottest summer ever experienced by the city). The month of June is characterized by high temperatures, with daily highs decreasing from 40C to 37C over the course of the month, exceeding 44C or dropping below 33C only one day in ten. Daily low temperatures are around 28C, falling below 24C or exceeding 32C only one day in ten. Abuja’s temperature is often comparable during the hot season, as with other Northern states in Nigeria. 
 
9. Business opportunities in India / Areas of influence 
 
There are unlimited business opportunities/avenues available, including pharmaceuticals, medicals, agriculture and mining interests, commodity sectors, solid minerals, educational exports, IT, plastics, drugs, machinery, etc. The major industries include textiles, telecommunications, chemicals, food processing, steel, transport equipment, cement, mining, petroleum, machinery and software. 
 
10. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) 
 
The GDP of India in 2011 was US $1.848 trillion according to the World Bank (Nigeria’s GDP for the same period was US $243.99 Billion). The service sector makes 65% of the GDP, the agricultural sector 17%, and the industrial sector 18%. Nigeria will benefit immensely as our service sector (2012) makes 26% of the GDP. Our agricultural sector makes 30.9% and the industrial sector 43% . 
 
11. Country size 
 
India is the 7th-largest country in the world, with a total area of 3, 287, 240 km1 square kilometers (1,269,210 sq mi). India measures 3,214 km (1,997 mi) from north to south and 2,933 km (1,822 mi) from east to west. It has a land frontier of 15,200 km (9,445 mi) and a coastline of 7,517 km (4,671 mi). The Area of Delhi state is spread over an area of about 1483 sq. km. Nigeria is a compact area of 923,768 square kilometres (356,376 square miles), with Lagos at 999.6 km² .

12. Population / Population in Delhi 
 
India’s population was placed at 1.241 billion by the World Bank in 2011, and Nigeria at 162.5 million. Current population of India is estimated closer to 1.27 billion, with Delhi alone, according to the 2011 census, at about 16.31 million. Lagos population was placed at 11.2 million in 2011 by UN. 
 
13. Work Force 
 
India has the world’s 2nd largest labour force with 467 million workers; predictions are that about 25% of the world’s new workers will be Indian in the next 3 years. Over half of India’s population is below 25 years. By 2020, the average age of an Indian is expected to be 29 years and workingage population will increase by 240 million over the next 2 decades, according to Deutsche Bank.  Nigeria’s labour force was estimated at 53.83 million  in 2012. 
 
14. Relationship with Nigeria 
 
India’s relations with Nigeria was initially built on historical and political connections, but has gradually graduated to being  based more on economic links. Nigeria’s oil is important to India, which wishes to sustain strong economic growth. By early 2010, it was estimated that one out of every five barrels of oil imported by India came from Nigeria, with Angola coming a close second. By January 2009, Indo-Nigerian trade had surpassed the level of Nigeria’s trade with all other countries in southern, central and west Africa. Aside from oil, Nigeria exports cashew nuts, wood, cotton, pearls, rubber and gum Arabic to India. India’s exports to Nigeria comprise paper and wood products, textiles, plastics, chemicals, machinery and transport equipment. Nigeria also imports more Indian pharmaceuticals than any other country in Africa. 
 
Over time, Nigeria has widened the scope of its economic engagement with India. It is now India’s largest trading partner in Africa, supplying it with between 22% and 25% of its crude oil requirement, amounting to $10 billion worth of oil. India is the 4th largest non-oil export destination for Nigeria. 
 
15. Concerns 
 
 Due care must be exercised when going out at night. It is advisable that foreigners travel in groups as against individually. It also advised that ladies dress conservatively and foreigners generally avoid socializing with strangers outside the “official environment”. 
 
16. Places to visit in New Delhi, India 
 
(a) Red Fort – This is Delhi’s most famous monument and is located opposite Chandni Chowk, Old Delhi. The entry cost is $5 or 250 rupees and it is open from sunrise until sunset, except on Mondays. 
 
(b) Jama MasJid – This is the largest mosque in India. It was completed in 1650 and is located opposite Chandni Chowk, Old Delhi. Near the Red Fort. Entry is free, but a camera fee applies. It is open daily, except when prayers are being held from 12.15 p.m. to 1.45 p.m. It closes just before sunset. 
 
(c) Humayun's Tomb — This is the inspiration for the creation of the Taj Mahal and was completed in 1570. It is located at Nizamuddin East, New Delhi. Near the Nizamuddin train station, off Mathura Road. Entry Cost is $5 or 250 rupees and it is open from Sunrise until sunset, daily. 
 
(d) Lodi Gardens— This is located on Lodi Road, not far from Humayun's Tomb. Cost of entry is free and it is open daily. 
 
(e) Qutab Minar— This is the tallest brick minaret in the world. It was completed in 1206 and is  located in Mehrauli, south New Delhi. Entry Cost is $5 or 250 rupees and it is open from sunrise  until sunset, daily. 
 
(f) Gandi Smriti— A visit to Gandhi Smriti will show you the exact spot where Mahatma Gandhi, affectionately referred to as the Father of the Nation, was assassinated on January 30, 1948. It is located at  5 Tees January Marg, central New Delhi. Entry Cost is Free and it is open from 10 a.m.
to 5 p.m. from Tuesday to Sunday. 
 
(g) Garden of Five Senses— This is located at Said-ul-ajab village, M.B. Road, close to the Mehrauli heritage area in New Delhi. Near Saket. Entry is Free and it is open daily from 6.00 a.m. to 9.00 p.m. 
 
(h) Bahai (Lotus) Temple— This is located at Near Nehru Place, south New Delhi. Entry Cost is Free and it is open daily, from 9.00 a.m. until sunset. 
 
Website source for further details on places to visit in New Delhi: http://goindia.about.com/od/cities/tp/top-delhi-attractions.htm.  
 
Although not located in New Delhi, the Taj Mahal (widely recognized as the jewel of Islamic architecture in India and one of the most universally admired masterpieces of the world’s heritage) is also noted as one of India’s greatest tourist attractions. There is also the Ambience Mall in Gurgaon for shopping of any kind and Dilli Haat (in New Delhi) for different kinds of food from all over India as well as handicrafts. South Extension is also good for purchasing gold and diamond jewelry. 
 
17. Anything else to know      
a. Wear light cool clothes. 
b. Always have a photocopy of your passport with you and the original safely kept in the hotel safe in your rooms. 
c. Goods are always marked with a MRP (Maximum Retail Price) and the price is constant unless there is a sale. 
d. Take out time to visit the Ambience Mall (close to the International Airport) for a safe remarkable shopping experience. 
e. You might wish to consider reaching the airport well in time before your flight, as it is reputed to have lots of stores with amazing duty free deals!